Types of Anxiety

You felt it when you still had no idea who was following you walking on a darkened street until you realized that he was your campus crush. You felt it while watching a horror film about a videotape in one of your high school bestfriend’s slumber parties. And now, you are feeling it again because even if you’ve passed the application exam of the company that you are applying to, you still need to wait for its recruitment department’s call as the HR officer instructed you to. Present in all different aspects of life, anxiety is a state of uncertainty, hesitation, and fear resulting from the anticipation of a realistic or imagined situation or event, often impairing physical and psychological functioning. It is also defined as a mental disorder characterized by a constant worrying or fear.  

Due to many stress-inducing elements around us, one can experience anxiety due to many different things. Better understanding anxiety can help you get one step closer to overcoming it.

On the other hand, anxiety disorder is the incapacitating lingering condition that shows during times of unease and stress. It is characterized by symptoms of sweating, headache, spasms, palpitations, exhaustion, and fatigue. An anxiety disorder is often comorbid with other mental disorders such as depression, as they stem from similar mental weaknesses.

1.    Phobias – the largest categories of anxiety disorders, phobias are cases of an anxiety disorder that relate to fear of a specific thing.  For example, agoraphobia is the anxiety of being in a no-escape situation.
2.    Panic disorder – characterized by occasional panic attacks.  In panic disorder, panic attacks induce symptoms of confusion, shaking, and dizziness. Many different things can cause a panic attack, including stress, exercise, or phobias.
3.    Generalized Anxiety Disorder – the most common type of anxiety disorder, it is characterized by a non-specific continuous fear and being too much alarmed by normal things.
4.    Obsessive compulsive disorder – a type of anxiety disorder that characterized by compulsions and obsessions, people suffering from OCD suffer from a compulsion that is inexplicable.
5.    Separation anxiety – here individuals suffer from difficulty with being separated from a person or a place.  Often, it occurs in children and toddlers, but needs to be excessive for it to be considered a disorder.
6.    Post-traumatic stress disorder – usually develops after a traumatic experience.  Some of the common symptoms include depression and memory flashbacks.